Recently, assistant police of Lianyungang Police Station in Jiangsu province, Mr. Liu Chengliang, saved a man who attempted to commit suicide. On the midnight of 7th November 2018, a man threatened to kill himself with a knife around his neck. At this critical moment, Mr. Liu shot the man’s hand with a slingshot and a steel ball effectively disarming the man.
Interview with Mr. Liu Chengliang
Liu Chengliang: I am very confident with my targeting and shooting.
Beijing Youth News: How did you come up with the idea of saving the man with the slingshot?
Liu: I am the assistant police of Lianyungang Police Station logistic department. My main job is to work a driver. My colleagues knew that I am good at slingshot shooting, so when this emergency happened, the commander on-site thought of me. This was the first time I was involved in dealing with this kind of situation.
Beijing Youth News: Were you nervous or worried before shooting?
Liu: No, I was very calm at that time. Normally when we perform shooting training, the distance is more than 10 meters. But, I was only 5 meters away from the man who wanted to commit suicide. I was hiding behind so he couldn’t really see me. Also helps that I am very confident in my targeting and shooting.
Beijing Youth News: How did you feel after you saved that man?
Liu: After hitting the man, the police responded very quickly. They seized the knife within a flash. I felt relieved seeing that the man is safe and sound. I knew for sure then that I could hit his hand with my slingshot so I wasn’t anxious about it. After everything calmed down, I went home directly.
Beijing Youth News: Do people treat you especially now that you’ve saved a man’s life?
Liu: Personally I don’t sense any change. However, people are texting me to praise what I did. Some are even intrigued to learn slingshot and be my apprentice.
Beijing Youth News: Does your family support you practicing slingshot?
Liu: Yes, as slingshot sport is an official sport in our country, we can go out to compete and win honor for our country. But out of safety concern, I don’t allow kids to play and also don’t suggest teenager get access to slingshots. We must have a very clear principle and regulation. We won’t use the slingshot to shoot birds or other illegal things. As professional slingshot athletes, we have to be registered at the police station and obtain a certificate.
Beijing Youth News. Do you feel any sense of achievement?
Liu Chengliang: To be honest, this is a very normal thing to me. After that emergency, I felt really calm. There were many people around. People are leaving comments online to praise what I did. For an assistant policeman to save a man, I felt really proud of myself. I will continue to do my job and duty.
Mr Liu Chengliang with his slingshot
The slingshot used to save the man
Mr. Liu Chengliang and his honor
Adapted from China News.
Here’s a glossary of common terms and slang words used in the slingshot community. Being a newcomer can be daunting and confusing with the terms that are thrown around by fellow, more experienced shooters. We have compiled and made a list of these terms and hopefully bridge the gap for newcomers to learn the sport quickly.
Here’s what we got:
- Few names for slingshots: Catapult, Catty, Cutty, Gutty, Beanflip, Shanghai, Resorta, Flip, Ging, Tirachina, Schlueder, Fionda, Gomero
- Prongs, forks, branches = The two structures that form the “V”
- Throat, crotch, yoke = The opening between the “V”
- Frame = the body of the slingshot
- Anchor point = The spot usually around the cheek or corner of the mouth where the pouch lands when it’s pulled back.
- Draw = the distance bands are pulled back to the anchor point
- Lam or Laminate frame = Slingshot carved from a multilayered board
- Traditional fork = any slingshot without a brace
- PFS or Pickle Fork Shooter = a very shallow throated, small, thin slingshot
- Tree Fork = a slingshot made from a “V” formed tree branch (Also called a natural fork)
- SBS = Steel Balls (Slingshot ammo of choice)
- BB’s Small Round Ammo = used for BB Guns and also as a load in a pouch
- “A Load” = Shooting more than one pellet in a pouch
- 107’s = Pale crepe Rubber bands made by Alliance. Dimensions 5/8″ x 7″. Decent flatbands already cut. 107 is the size designation.
- Tubes = tubular rubber
- 1745-2040-3060- These are popular thin tube numerical designations. Different numbers correspond to different diameters. These are Dankung numbers. Good tubes!
- Chinese tubes = thin tubes
- Looped Chinese Tubes = no prong connection on this set-up. Tubes are one piece looped through a fork hole-then the ends are connected normally to pouch. Tubes can be added for more power and speed (just make bigger or more pouch holes for the ends)
- Flats, flatbands, straps = flat cut rubber
- Cubes = quadrangular / square rubber
- Chains, Ganged Bands = School or office type bands chained or looped all together and attached to the pouch. Very powerful set-up.
- Psuedo Tapers = A method of getting the benefit of tapering without the cutting of a taper. It involves the use of two different sizes of bands or tubes. Bigger or thicker band or tube up front, smaller attached to it a half or third of the way from the pouch tie.
- Gauge = the thickness of flat rubber, the thickness of tube walls
- Board cut = a slingshot cut from a board (Note: Can also be used to denote a slingshot cut from any other material, not only wood ie. Plastic slab, metal slab, fiberglass etc.)
- FlatNat = a natural tree fork planed down to a uniform thickness like a board cut slingshot
- Bareback = using no slingshot at all to shoot. Holding the bands and pouch and drawing back and releasing using only the hand as the fork.
- Beavertail = a flattened protrusion extending out from the handle covering the web of your hand (space between thumb and index finger ) used mostly on Hammer (Pistol grip)designs. Lessens wrist strain and adds protection from errant shots.
- Ergo = a board cut slingshot shaped to fit the hand
- Slingbow= A regular slingshot customized to shoot arrows
- Flechette= small dart type projectiles used with a slings bow
- Whiskerbiscuit= a small round brushlike device to center/hold an arrow in the throat of a sling bow. Also helps keeping the feathers or fins of the arrow from getting damaged
- Cant= the angle that the slingshot is held at. 45 degree, 90 degree, etc.
- Finger braced = a gripping method where you brace the index finger and the thumb up against the forks for more support
- Pistol grip = a grip where you don’t brace the fingers up against the forks
- Hammer Grip = same as Pistol Grip
- Gangsta Style = Horizontal frame hold, Parallel to the ground
- Over the top ( OTT ) = a band set-up that allows the bands to fly over the top of the forks
- Knuckle Knock = sometimes the pouch on an over the top set-up comes back and slaps you in the knuckles
- Through the throat (TTT), through the fork = a band set-up that allows the bands to go through the “V’ opening or throat
- Speed Bump Effect= When the pouch is jerked by too hard of a grip or too much pressure on the pouch on one side upon release. Causing the ammo to jump like a car going over a speed bump. Many a fork hit is caused by this action. Also when holding the pouch horizontally with the thumb held pushing up rather then straight-creates a bump for the ball to go over.(thumb being the bump) Some people say twisting the pouch this way reduces fork hits especially shooting PFS style.
- Chrony = a device that’s used to measure speed(usually in Feet per second)
- Speed Shooting = loading and shooting as fast as you can put ammo on target. Term also used for shooting for high speeds over a Chrony
- Snap Shooting = a super fast draw and release popular with hunters(for obvious reasons) and also shooting for high speeds over a Chrony
- Hysterisis = A condition that happens with rubber when it’s stretched and held for too long causing a loss in velocity
- F.P.S. = a velocity designation, Feet Per Second
- Starship = slang term for a wrist-braced extended fork slingshot
- Shuttle Craft= Any smaller standard wrist braced slingshot
- Dry shot = shooting a pouch empty (DO NOT DO!!!)
- RTS= Return To Sender shot. Sometimes on high speed set-ups, after the shot is released it may not release clean and come back at you-NOT FUNNY!
- Chinese Handcuff = a method for putting tubes on the forks(round metal) where the tips are moistened and the tubes are slipped on. When dry, the action of pulling back the sling tightens the tube-prong connection so they won’t come off
- Pre-stressing = stretching the rubber before tying on to a pouch or a post. Reduces pouch curl on a pouch connection and makes a more secure attachment at the posts for a non-“Chinese” attachment
- African Wrap = a method of attaching rubber to the posts where the rubber is run down the front of the posts to the base of the prongs. Leather strips or strong cord is wrapped all the way around and up until it reaches the tops of the posts. A very secure way but a long band is needed
- Mummy wrap= another name for an African wrap or a wrap where a lot of material is used to secure the bands
- Spanish or Spain Attachment = A method of attaching rubbers to the forks where by holes are drilled down into the posts, then small leather strips or strong nylon cords(both ends) are pressed down into the hole forming a small loop. Toothpicks or other wedging material is forced into the hole with the addition of a strong wood glue. The rubbers are attached to the loop when the glue is dry. Make sure the loop is securely anchored before shooting.
- Gypsy Tabs = Leather or other suitable material attached to the prongs which bands are attached to. Makes them last longer-popular in some European countries.
- Cupped pouch or dimpled pouch = a pouch that has a cup in the center for ammo placement
- Double cupped pouch = a pouch that has a cup on each side of the pouch for ammo placement (also good for loads)
- Pouch slap, band slap = the assembly slaps or hits the post when going through the throat. It also rubs a little on an over the top set-up but not as much.
- Center punched = a hole right in the middle of the pouch for ammo placement
- 3 hole pouch = like a center punched pouch but the center hole is the same size as the band holes. It is a self centering type pouch
- Ventilated pouch = a series of holes(5-10) punched in a pouch to reduce air drag and lessen the weight
- Wings = The ends of a flat strap assembly that come through the pouch hole after tying. Also same thing with a tube set tied in this fashion
- Trough= when folding the band over itself and running it through the pouch hole-the resulting valley created by the fold in the band is this
- Hole in Tube, Hole in Strap = the pouch connection on a tube assembly where a small hole is made close to the end of the tube. The tube is then feed through the pouch hole and into the tube hole making the attachment. Probably the most popular method of the tube to pouch connection. Also was done in the past on flat strap assemblies (not as good on flats)
- Flier = a wild shot, not going where intended
- Group or grouping = a specified number of shots at a specific distance(shots are measured to see how close they are
- A slotted attachment or Matchstick method = A thin cut is made in the top of the post. The end of the rubber is folded over about 1 inch and stretched to fit in the slot. The addition of a matchstick in the loop or a rubber piece aids in securing it
- Double slotted attachment = two thin cuts are made in the top of the post. Rubber is stretched to fit into the slot nearest the throat first, then stretched around to fit in the outer slot. The rubber is then pulled tight to seat up against the fork. A popular method used on older wooden slingshots(Wham-o, Lohman, Bullseye Etc.)
- Catch box = a cardboard box or other material with an opening in the front and rags, old t-shirts, or towels hanging behind the opening to catch ammo shot at a hanging target in the front of the box
- Straight set = A straight cut band assembly
- Tapered bands or tapered tubes = Rubber cut with a wide end for the post and a narrow end for the pouch. Gives more speed then a straight cut
- Gauge Taper = On sheet rubber sometimes the sheet is thicker on one end then the other.
- Double Taper = On some flat rubber the rubber sheet itself is tapered(Gauge Taper). One end is thicker then the other. If bands are cut properly from this type sheet, you can get a double taper-thickness of the rubber plus the width. Thin and narrow end at pouch, thick and wide end at forks. A very fast high performing set of bands possible with this cut
- Psuedo Taper= A tapering method used with tubes and flats where two different size tubes or flatbands are tied ( I.E.-soft cotton string-elasticized cotton covered braiding) together keeping the larger band or tube up at the prong and the smaller tube or flat at the back ( pouch connection ) an alternative way of making a tapered set-up without cutting.
- A Shoot = A slingshot Tournament or a gathering of slingshot shooters
- Flippers Draw, Albatross style, or Butterfly Draw = A drawing style. It is popular in the Czech Republic and also used by old timers down in the south U.S.A. The pouch is drawn up from the waist and at the same time the the frame holding hand is pushed out as far as possible, the pouch is drawn back well behind the normal anchor point. Aim is by feel and a lot of practice. A very difficult style but great speeds are possible because of the extra long draw
- Rotating Prongs = a movable or rotating attachment at posts, especially helpful with tubes.Helps them last longer and gives more speed
- Palm Knob, Heel Knob, Palm Swell = a swell at the bottom of the handle of some slingshots (can also be a swell in the middle too). Aids in gripping and in security
- “Missed by that much” = An exclamation used by all slingshooters!